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WATER MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA

 
Water is a very valuable resource for our activity, so making efficient use and preserving its quality is part of our commitment. Water is captured from the water table, with its proper authorizations, and is used both for animal consumption, spraying and administrative activities. Monitoring is carried out through analysis and dynamics of the water table to know the quality for productive, domestic and irrigation use.

Preventive maintenance of the facilities and survey of the status of the sprayers are carried out to prevent contamination of the groundwater. Monitoring is carried out to control the amount used and analyzes to determine the quality of the resource through the identification of water source points and the installation of water meters.

Approximately 96% of the total water collected is used for irrigation processes, which increase grain productivity and mitigate climate risk. Drip and sprinkler irrigation systems are applied in two of their own fields, optimizing and improving the application of fertilizers and products.

 

  

 

 

SPRINKLER IRRIGATION EQUIPMENT


Use of treated effluents

In AGRORIEGO, an agreement was signed with government of Merlo for the use of treated effluents from Santa Barbara farm near neighborhoods. Effluents treated in the neighborhood are taken to the farm where they are used to irrigate a forest curtain on the side of the road.

Water project in Estancia La Suiza in Chaco

Change of 100% of the water storage tanks, placement of filters and chlorinators.
Training talks in the project for the field personnel with delivery of material for food sanitization, personal hygiene and equipment maintenance.

 

 

WATER MANAGEMENT IN BRAZIL
 

In BrasilAgro our farms collect water from rivers and wells, duly authorized, in order to supply crop irrigation (in units that have this system), animal watering, agricultural spraying and firefighting, in addition to human consumption and the administrative activities. All units follow the parameters defined in the grants and treat the water captured by chlorination and filtration to guarantee its potability.

Water quality analysis, carried out periodically, proves different quality parameters, including the concentration of total dissolved solids of less than 1 gram per liter. The exception is the Morotí Farm (Paraguay), where underground water has a high level of salinity, which is why the collection is mostly from rainwater, stored and treated to make it potable. When there are prolonged periods of drought and the use of wells becomes necessary, the unit has a desalinator equipment and a potabiliser.

All Brazilian farms with surface water collection have hydrometers and hour meters to measure consumption. The same equipment is also used in 12 of the 21 wells for underground water collection. Based on these measurements, the fundraising is released monthly in the management system, allowing for monitoring and improvement actions to be taken. One of the ongoing projects is the implementation of telemetry technology in these meters, which will allow for the automation of data collection.

River water (surface) represents 99% of the total catchment and enables efficient agricultural production, with climate risk mitigation

Water discharges come from two main sources: domestic sewage effluents (in administrative activities, in cafeterias, and lodgings) and washing machines. Each farm adopts specific practices, in accordance with local licensing and parameters. In general, biodigesters are used to treat domestic sewage and water and oil separation boxes in maintenance garages. The Chaparral Farm, in particular, has an ozonizer treatment system for aircraft washing water. On the São José Farm, where sugarcane is grown, we also apply co-products from the industrial processing of the commodity, supplied by the partner mill, for fertigation of the plantations.

Approximately 99% of the total water collected is destined for the irrigation processes, which increase crop productivity and mitigate climate risks. In the last harvest year, we started surface capture and irrigation at Rio do Meio Farm, located in Bahia.


Assessed on the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas, platform of the World Resources Institute (WRI), our farms are mostly located in regions with medium or low water stress. According to this software, only the Arrojadinho, Chaparral, Jatobá, Preferência, Rio do Meio and Xingu (leased) farms are in regions with high water stress. The collection of water from these properties represented 7.3% of the total in the 2020/2021 harvest.

 

 

ENERGY MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA

We know the importance of taking care of energy and that renewable sources provide climate solutions. That is why we are committed to reduce carbon emissions by using solar water extraction pumps, we build employee positions supplied 100% by renewable sources as well as we use wind energy to supply one of our farms in Santa Cruz province.

Energy consumption in CRESUD’s activities is mainly associated with the use of diesel in agricultural machinery, and water withdrawal for cattle which represents 72% of the energy used. The remaining 28% corresponds to acquired electricity.

 

 

This year we installed an integrated solar system at the La Armonía Post in our “Los Pozos” field in northern Argentina, dispensing with the generator set and drastically reducing the consumption of diesel oil and lubricants.

The integral solar system is made up of a module of solar panels that give energy to a specific pump and designed to supply the required flow, according to the hours of light for that latitude. On the other hand, a solar panel module plus a solar kit made up of an inverter, a set of batteries, a regulator and a control panel, generates energy for domestic use (LED lights, two air conditioners, refrigerator) where the excess solar energy is stored in the batteries to be used in this way during the night. In this way, the generator set would only be used in the event of many cloudy days, in the event that it is necessary to reinforce the charging of the batteries or in the event of any breakage or damage to the system.

 

ENERGY IN BRASILAGRO

Energy consumption in BrasilAgro is also mainly associated with the use of diesel in agricultural machinery. This fuel is responsible for 97% of the total energy consumed. Electricity, purchased from local concessionaires, is the second largest source of energy in terms of volume and is related to administrative activities and, in some farms, to electric irrigation pumps.

 

 

 

SOIL MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA

Land is our value… The soil is the sustenance of our production and that is why we carry out conservation practices and sustainable management of the soils of our farms, to minimize the risks associated with compaction caused by the intensive use of agricultural machinery, as well as their erosion due to the transformation of soils into productive areas.

The implementation of good agricultural practices, such as crop rotation, direct seeding technique, cover crops, contribute to soil preservation. Precision agriculture technology is widely used, thanks to land mapping, it is possible to optimize the application of agricultural inputs, be it fertilizers or phytosanitary products.

BIOBEDS:

Construction of biobeds in showers and eye washers near agrochemical deposits. In this way we avoid that any surplus of product generates an impact on the soil, an important resource for our activity.


We carry out good agricultural practices with responsibility, which we monitor through indicators, controlling different variables:

 

 

AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES

Lan use management in BrasilAgro is important for our performance and property value generation.
The most significant impacts on this front are related to soil compaction, caused mainly by the intensive use of agricultural machinery and the possible intensification of erosion processes, resulting from the conversion of areas for agricultural and livestock activities.

The use of technology and the adoption of conservationist methods in soil management contribute to our operations promoting environmental gains in the locations where we are present. The elaboration of systematization projects, crop rotation, the direct planting technique and the selection of the most suitable varieties and hybrids for each region are already widely adopted practices in our farms.

In the 2020/2021 harvest, the main advance was the expansion of the use of technology in precision agriculture, bringing even more benefits to the soil we cultivate. By mapping the land, we were able to optimize the application of agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers and correctives. Cost savings are around 20%, whether due to the lower demand in a location or the ability to cover a larger area. The environmental gains are perceived in the improvement of the soil and in the minimization of risks associated with the application of agricultural inputs.

Precision agriculture started as a pilot in 2018/2019 and expanded in the following two years to 6 thousand hectares in 2019/2020 and 13 thousand hectares in the 2020/2021 harvest year, representing around 13% of the planted area. The application of this technique should continue to grow, covering 100% of the farms in Brazil in a period of up to ten years. For the operations in Paraguay and Bolivia, 100% of the areas are mapped, but in these units the information is used mainly for the selection of varieties, since the soils are very fertile, with little or no need to apply fertilizers.

Biopesticides use is an alternative for the reduction of chemical products in the control of pests and diseases in crops
Another highlight of the period was the increase in the use of biopesticides. As an alternative to the use of chemical inputs to combat pests and diseases, these materials have less risk in their application and are a natural and often more economical option for handling. In the 2020/2021 harvest, we expanded the use of biopesticides to all farms in Brazil. Investment on this front totaled R$2.9 million in the harvest year, representing 10% of total expenditure on agricultural pesticides in the period. We also announced the construction of our first fully automated bio-factory, which should be installed in the 2021/2022 harvest.

Pesticide applications in agricultural cultures follow the parameters established by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), respecting the dosage limits and minimum intervals between reapplications, and before harvesting. Once harvested and stored, the production is not treated with pesticides, only the silos are sanitized. This way, there is no risk of contamination of materials that could have any impact on health and safety in the transportation or processing of commodities.

 

SOIL MANAGEMENT – CORTEVA & BAYER PROGRAMS


During 2021 Cresud has joined the CORTEVA-CARBON GROUP Program. This program seeks to establish a modern agricultural system that allows the Company to contribute to global climate change by increasing carbon sequestration in our soils and reducing GHG emissions, thus enhancing the associated benefits that arise from its adoption.

The program has the following objectives, among others:

The Program constitutes an important tool to promote the capture and sequestration of carbon in soils for agricultural use, through the adoption of sustainable management of them, assuming the commitment by Cresud of its central role to contribute to solutions that have a global impact on the entire society.

Cresud thus becomes a main actor in the paradigm shift in the way of producing and committed to mitigating climate change.


During 2021 Cresud have adhered to the Pro Carbon Program launched by Bayer Argentina S.A. which aims to increase carbon sequestration in the soil by adopting sustainable agricultural practices. The objective of the program, in the medium term, is to move towards the constitution of a carbon market with the main actors of the chain and investors from other sectors, to consolidate a “carbon neutral” agriculture that underpins the global objective of reducing carbon emissions. Two BrasilAgro projects are worth mentioning when mapping potential areas for the emission, in the future, of carbon credits.

At Chaparral Farm, we are involved in the Carbono+ Project, developed by Bayer with support from the Brazilian Farming Research Corporation (Embrapa). The initiative involves 54 producers in 11 Brazilian states and, in this first year of the project, it made it possible to evidence the carbon stock increase in the ground through practices such as the use of cover crops, the crop rotation and the proper application of correctives.

Another partnership is with Sumitomo Chemical and the Tropical Forest Alliance (TFA) NGO. In this case, 52 soybean producers in Maranhão, including São José Farm of BrasilAgro, were selected for the PSA Soja Brazil Project, aimed at paying for environmental services. In this scope, the contributions of the property’s protected areas to the availability of water resources and the preservation of biodiversity were evaluated, as well as the carbon stock in the soil promoted by good agricultural practices. In this pilot phase, the project considered a plot of the Farm, with gains evidenced in the evaluated criteria and a financial return of R$3.9 thousand for environmental services.

 

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA


GESTIÓN DIFERENCIADA DE RESIDUOS

Our management plan includes the tasks of classification, storage and transfer to the corresponding destination according to the type of waste.
In addition to meeting the requirements of waste management legislation, in our farmlands we are committed to classifying the largest number of materials:

Recyclables: we work with cooperatives and local treatment plants, in order to recover most of the materials generated in the activity,

as well as in the administrative offices and homes. We prioritize the reutilization of materials such as silobags and pallets.

Wet Waste: we promote the 3R initiative, prioritizing waste reduction of all those materials that cannot be recycled or reused.

Phytosanitary Packaging: we have deposits destined exclusively for temporary packaging storage. We make our contractors and staff aware of the importance of carrying out the Triple Washing of containers and drilling for their use. In this way we avoid its improper use that may be a risk to health and the environment. The containers are taken to the enabled CAT (Centro de Almacenamiento Transitorio – Transitory Storage Center), which are transformed into supplies for the industrial circuit.

Special or Hazardous Waste: although its generation is minor, as a result of the maintenance of some machinery or installation. The waste is removed by companies authorized both for transport and for its final disposal treatment.

Organic Waste: the proposal is for all food remains from meal preparation in the farms, as well as those generated in offices to be composed onsite in composters made from recycled material.

Compost is used in orchards worked in the farms producing food consumed by employees or for decorative flowers and shrubs. They are also visited by school students, in order to teach the assembly and care of the composters so they can implement it in their homes or institutions.

 

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ARGENTINA

Through Differentiated Waste Management, we contribute to local economies, working with nearby cooperatives and treatment plants. They are supported by the sale of materials and receive an income for their families.


“EL JOTE” SOLID URBAN WASTE TREATMENT PLANT

In Agroriego, our farm in San Luis, we have been working for more than four years with the MSW treatment plant called “El Jote”.

We are in constant communication, which allows us to be aligned and incorporate new materials into the recycling circuit that have value as an input for the industry.

In January 2021, personnel from “El Jote” plant visited our farm. The objective of the meeting was, in addition to knowing the farm, its activity and the actions carried out with the community, to be able to identify other materials that are not currently being recovered and may have potential for recycling such as plastic bags from some agricultural inputs.

 

During 2021, 85 TN of recyclable materials were recovered: Silobags, Big Bags, cardboard, tires, hoses, plastics, etc.


In Salta farmlands, we began with the classification of recyclable waste. Supporting municipal projects regarding the use of different materials, as is the case of of “Las Lajitas” (Anta department) that has a green point to take recyclable materials.



In the San Pedro farm, Entre Rios province, a public-private agreement was signed. A novel initiative that marks a commitment to the correct final disposal of recyclable waste. The waste generated in the farm is transferred for classification to the Santa Anita MSW Treatment Plant. A group of women who formed a cooperative work at the plant and collect an income through the sale of materials.


WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BRAZIL

BrasilAgro’s Solid Waste Management Plan gathers the rules and the procedures to ensure the best possible destination for the materials generated in the operations. The Plan covers, among other items, the routines of separation, classification, storage, and transport of waste, in addition to controlling the final destination through certificates and manifests presented by specialized, duly licensed contractors. On leased farms to third parties, we monitor the proper disposal of waste, with periodic inspections on properties and specific clauses in partnership contracts. In the 2020/2021 harvest year, we disposed of 187.6 tons of waste, of which 170 (95.4%) were nonhazardous waste. The total destined is 13% greater in the annual comparison. These variations are normal, as some residues can be stored for up to two years, in order to generate a larger volume to optimize transport. We also destined 157.3 thousand empty pesticide packages, 79 light bulbs and 2 electronic products for reverse logistics processes.

Waste disposal favors reuse methods. Selective collection materials (paper, metal, and plastic) are sent for recycling, and hazardous waste is co-processed (contaminated) or intended for re-refining (oil from machinery maintenance). We also developed the reverse logistics of light bulbs, electronic waste and empty corrective and pesticide packaging after being triple washed. In addition, organic materials generated in the operations are composted on the farms themselves and applied in fertilization. The company has not yet established a process to quantify waste intended for composting and other non-hazardous types, originating from sweepings and toilets at the units.

 

 


BIODIVERSITY PRESERVATION IN ARGENTINA

We protect areas of great biodiversity and their biological corridors because they constitute our green lung. In Argentina we have more than 100,000 hectares of reserve areas, which are monitored, ensuring that biodiversity and its ecosystem services remain healthy. We know that forests and nature are also important for recreation, mental and spiritual well-being and associated with many traditional beliefs and teachings. That is why our responsibility is to protect them.


AFFORESTATION IN OUR FARMLANDS

LA SUIZA: We reforested 10 hectares with white carob trees near the ranch house.

AGRORIEGO: Afforestation of the farm on the edge of the route, team activity with neighborhood schools.

EL TIGRE: Afforestation with native species of great water absorption in low areas of the farm.

 

NATURAL RESERVES IN ARGENTINA - BIODIVERSITY PRESERVATION


LOS POZOS – SALTA PROVINCE PRIVATE NATURAL RESERVE

An agreement has been signed between CRESUD and the Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development of the province of Salta, incorporating a Private Nature Reserve of 4,746 hectares into the Provincial System of Protected Areas of the province, for the preservation of flora and fauna.

It has a high conservation value due to its strategic location, for its environmental services, for being part of an area of highly relevant biological corridors that allow connectivity between different environments and provinces, promoting territorial management under a conservation scheme and in a production context.

The incorporation of the Private Nature Reserve is very important for the preservation of some species that are under some risk or vulnerability as indicated by the IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) and CAAC (Categorization of Argentine Birds according to their state of conservation- Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of the Nation and Argentine Birds).

8 DE JULIO – SANTA CRUZ PROVINCE


8 de Julio is the southernmost farmland of CRESUD, located in the province of Santa Cruz, where the sheep wool activity takes place. It has a natural reserve on the property where you can see a very diverse native fauna of penguins, sea lions, birds.

RENT FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT IN 8 DE JULIO

The project under analysis, which is in the due diligence stage, consists of the rental of a large part of the area of the 8 de Julio farm for a maximum term of 12 years with an option to purchase, with the aim of installing wind turbines for the production of wind energy, as well as a water hydrolysis plant for the production of hydrogen and derivatives (ammonium and ammonia), without affecting the company’s wool production in the farm.

 


AGRORIEGO – SAN LUIS PROVINCE


In Agroriego farm, in San Luis province, we carried out an environmental diagnosis in the reserve areas, identifying the flora and fauna present in the natural forest, with the aim of monitoring it and preserving its biodiversity.


We have developed a green corridor in our Agroriego San Luis field. In it we are carrying out a path of interpretation of the native flora and fauna. The route has an extension of approximately 200 meters, with illustrative posters of the different species that can be observed in it and thus ensure that visitors can take an interactive tour.

 

Green Corridor

 

BIODIVERSITY PRESERVATION IN BRAZIL


Forests play a fundamental role in combating global warming. Furthermore, they help regulate the local microclimate and strengthen the capacity of ecosystems to renew water resources. Aware of this importance, we promote efforts in our areas and together with local partners in favor of biodiversity conservation.

On our own farms, we maintain 73 thousand hectares of preservation. These territories are mapped in the units’ Rural Environmental Registry (CAR), with georeferenced mapping of the properties and submitted to the environmental licensing authorities.

 

Habitat restoration is carried out when we acquire properties with degraded stretches, through Degraded Areas Recovery Plans (PRADs) signed with the competent bodies. BrasilAgro currently has PRADs on the Araucária and Chaparral Farms, totaling 32 hectares, on which we promote the planting of seedlings and monitor the evolution of habitats.

The quality of protected areas and areas under restoration is continuously evaluated. In the first case, we analyze images via satellite and carry out periodic rounds of our technical collaborators, in addition to receiving inspection visits from environmental agencies. In the case of PRADs, we submit reports to the authorities, according to the recurrence established in each case, showing the evolution of the recovery plans.

In July 2020, we signed the manifesto letter against illegal deforestation. In partnership with 37 other companies and 4 sector entities, the document asks the National Council for the Legal Amazon to take action against deforestation and in favor of low-carbon economic recovery.


ANIMAL PROTECTION

At Chaparral Farm, through a partnership with the Environment and Water Resources Institute of Bahia (INEMA) and the Wild Animal Screening Center of Vitória da Conquista (CETAS), we offer our preserved areas for the release of rescued wild animals so they can re-adapt to their natural habitats. Another highlight in fauna conservation is the Preferência Farm, which received, the Onça Pintada Certificate for the second year in a row, The certificate recognizes good practices in environmental protection and the maintenance of adequate conditions for the survival of this species, which is the largest cat on the American continent and appears on the lists of extinction threats of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama).

In all our units, we have the Fauna Rescue and Escape Plan, with the support of a team of veterinarians and biologists. In addition, our teams carry out rounds to prevent the action of poachers and install signposts prohibiting activities such as hunting and encouraging residents and workers to report any irregularities.

Our units are close or even, in some cases border environmental conservation units. In these situations, going beyond our legal obligation to monitor possible impacts on these territories involved, in the 2020/2021 harvest year, a relevant partnership with the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).

ICMBio is responsible for managing the Emas National Park, located 4 kilometers from the Araucária Farm, in Goiás. The region is especially sensitive due to the dry climate, which favors the occurrence of fires. Last year, we supported the organization in the maintenance of fire breaks, strips free of vegetation that help prevent fire from spreading in the forest. We also promoted exchanges in the training of firefighters and made our team and water trucks available to help in the fire that hit the conservation unit in July 2021.

At all units, we maintain the Fire Prevention Program, training more than 100 firefighters and daily monitoring the surrounding properties and regions via radar and satellites. The Program also has awareness campaigns and formal procedures for reporting and investigating occurrences.

 


ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

At CRESUD, regulatory compliance demands significant management time, for which we use a tool called “Environmental Scan” to identify the legislation applicable to the organization.

It comprises different matrices that group national, provincial and municipal environmental legislation. It establishes the specific requirements of each field according to its location. It has an alert system, identifying the next due dates, obligations to be made and monthly reports with the updating of the regulations.

In BrasilAgro environmental licensing and regularization are activities that demands great dedication from our teams. We have a corporate computerized system, the Simbiox, in which we control the term of licenses

and each conditioning or commitment made with environmental agencies. The system covers farms in Brazil and Paraguay, and the controls for activities in Bolivia, recently incorporated, are being updated.

For operations in Brazil, we also have the RC Ambiental Portal, which provides an online database with Brazilian environmental legislation and weekly updates on federal and state environmental legislation applicable to our operations. In the other two countries in which we operate, there is no need for this automated monitoring since the dynamics of regulations is simpler.

All suppliers that work in the provision of environmental services are analyzed prior to contracting to ensure their compliance with environmental licensing, labor legislation and health and safety criteria. This assessment is conducted through a checklist of 38 partner documents. In addition, our standard draft contracts provide for penalties to suppliers in case of deviations from BrasilAgro’s premises and guidelines. Our comprehensive performance in complying with environmental licensing requirements, updating the legislation, and extending this compliance posture to our partners ensured the absence of environmental fines in the 2020/2021 harvest year.

 

TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND AGROINTELLIGENCE

Investment in new technologies contributes not only to production efficiency but also to the development of a sustainable and efficient activity in the use of resources.

It is because of that:

•We strive to implement good agricultural practices such as crop rotation, direct seeding, integrated pest management.

•We use inputs efficiently to ensure the maximum return with the minimum environmental impact. Using tools such as directed applications of agrochemicals as well as variable planting by adjusting the amount of seeds and fertilizers.

•Through the flight of unmanned aircraft with remote sensors, we monitor crops and obtain vegetation indices for a better agronomic diagnosis.

•Using satellite images, soil maps and rainfall maps, we define the capacity for land use and carry out activities based on their suitability, whether for livestock or agriculture. Soil analyzes are carried out every year in order to assess their condition and if any correction is needed based on the crop to be planted. We are working with INTA to define an indicator that can help us monitor the state of our soils and their evolution.

•Every year we increase the area of “cover crops”. With the aim of improving soil fertility and water quality, controlling weeds and pests and increasing biodiversity in agroecological production systems (Lu et al, 2000). Reducing the use of fertilizers and phytosanitary products, making a more rational and efficient use of water, whether from rain or irrigation.

•We also work on the integrated control of pests and weeds, carrying out constant monitoring and applications. In the case of weeds through the “WeedSeeker” technology, which applies phytosanitary products only where the weeds are found. In this way we reduce the unnecessary use of chemical products protecting the soil, water, flora and local fauna.


•A large part of the planting area is carried out using variable planting technology, determining the potential of each environment within each lot with the aim of improving the use of inputs and making an optimal distribution of them, whether seeds or fertilizers. In some cases, the “Precision Planting” system is used to further improve planting quality.

•We carry out quality controls in all our tasks, sowing, harvesting, spraying, fertilization, etc. In addition, checks are carried out on each of our machines, before and during the work, in order to have the best quality in all our work.

•In irrigation, soil moisture, forecasts and satellite images are permanently monitored, in order to use the least amount of water possible. We have underground drip irrigation that increases the efficiency of the system, avoiding resource losses due to evapotranspiration. The groundwater is also monitored to ensure that there are no agrochemical residues.

•All the farms have meteorological stations for weather monitoring and the possibility of making productive decisions.

•Monitoring of natural resources is carried out through measurements of energy consumption, water, flora and fauna, quality of productive and reserve soils.

 

 

WORK AND PROCESSES – GIS LABORATORY

For more than 15 years we have been carrying out inspections of the machinery that we use for all the Company’s agricultural work.
Each of the agricultural operations undergoes meticulous quality controls. All these procedures are written in different protocols.




The information is digitized and stored in an orderly manner, georeferenced and systematized in databases.
In addition to the work, the plant stand and the state of the silo-bags are monitored, yield estimates are made and harvest losses are evaluated.

PLANT STAND: We are currently using drones for plant  counts.


SILO-BAG: We use humidity, temperature and CO2 sensors, which are periodically monitored and define a quality for each silo. This information is shared with the logistics area, which plans and coordinates grain loading.


YIELD ESTIMATION: to carry out this operation, the GIS laboratory prepares, through satellite images, digital and georeferenced maps that zone the lots.
These digital maps are sent to the quality and production area that, using smartphone technology, take directed samples of the different grains, once all the information is consolidated, the estimate is made.


Within the static inspection of machinery, one of the most relevant machines is the “pulverizer”, due to the amount of surface it works on and the inputs it uses. It is carried out twice a year per machine where more than 10 critical points are evaluated. We have made a map of the quality of the water used in spraying, both in our own and rented fields, and it is updated annually. We are using modern reports and overflows for the analysis and management of information. For the identification of the machinery, QR code technology is used.



GIS LABORATORY: From the GIS laboratory, more than 14k ha of planting prescriptions with variable seed density are carried out. More than 100k ha of yield estimation maps are produced annually, more than 60k ha of yield maps. And periodically, maps of the state of crops, of the impact of climatic phenomena (flood, hail, etc.). All production trials are statistically analyzed, generating information for future production decision making.



TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND AGROINTELLIGENCE

  

ACRONEX: We have 7 sprayers and an incorporation program, a bonus for having this technology and loans to acquire this system. It monitors the status of the machine and all its components in real time, and added to the climatic information that it collects from the built-in station, it generates a quality map with automatic alerts for the operator and the person in charge of the operation via mail or sms, this allows us to anticipate possible errors and correct them on the fly, as well as being able to see the traceability of all the work done.

AGDP: We currently have a harvest hopper monitoring system. The system reports where in the field the hopper is loaded and unloaded, to which truck and how many kilos. This information is sent via cellular technology to a database.

ANNUAL TECHNICAL MEETING: Every year we hold a technical training meeting with all those responsible for the operation, production, commercial, quality and management. In it, the entire campaign is analyzed and all the information generated by the crops, machines, sensors, etc. is compared exhaustively. In addition, visits are made to a farm, company or research center, training with external technicians and presentations from different companies in the sector are carried out.



SERVICE CROPS (OR COVER CROPS): We have been working with this technique for more than 10 years and have grown exponentially in the last 4 years, currently we plant more than 18k ha. We started with a single-species crop and we are currently testing different species and polyphytic systems (more than one species in the same crop), with different densities, sowing dates, inoculated in the field or with professional seed treatment systems, fertilized, etc.

Conducting training with INTA and private technicians, who helped us implement and improve the system.

These crops provide organic matter (carbon) to the soil, improving the infiltration of water into the soil, controlling weeds and pests, helping to reduce the use of phytosanitary products, recycling nutrients, helping to prevent erosion (wind and water), better use of water, improving the “water harvest” and decreasing evaporation.




PRECISION PLANTING: We have an incentive plan for contractors who incorporate this planting system, financing the purchase and discounting the rate. With these machines we can put in each zone of the lot the density of seeds and the amount of fertilizer that corresponds to each productive environment. Improves planting, reducing planting failures and improving the timing of births. At the same time, it generates a georeferenced map with all the information of the work, point by point.

 

BIOLOGICAL SOIL ANALYSIS: Together with an Argentine company, associated with one from the USA, we carried out a soil analysis, but from a biological point of view. This company contrasts the information obtained from the trials with an extensive and extensive database, according to the crop to be planted.

For now it is incipient, but we see that in the future chemical alone will not be enough to make diagnoses and these technologies will help us understand what happens with biological products and their interaction with the soil ecosystem. Biological products have greater relevance, as a replacement for chemicals.

 

 

WEATHER STATIONS: We have weather stations in all our own farmlands, which help us make the best management decisions, with more precise and detailed information, adjusted to each farm.

 

 


PLANTAS DE TRATAMIENTO PROFESIONAL DE SEMILLA: Contamos con dos plantas de tratamiento profesional de semillas, una en el Sur y otra en el Norte del país. Aquí se procesa toda la semilla de trigo, soja, especialities y coberturas. Se realiza la inoculación y se protege de patógenos de suelo. Con este sistema se optimiza el proceso, usando la cantidad justa de productos, generando el menor daño a la semilla. Esto nos permite disponer de la misma en tiempo y forma para la siembra.

 

PROFESSIONAL SEED TREATMENT PLANTS: We have two professional seed treatment plants, one in the South and one in the North of the country. All wheat seed, soybeans, specialties and toppings are processed here. The inoculation is carried out and it is protected from soil pathogens. With this system, the process is optimized, using the right amount of products, generating the least damage to the seed. This allows us to have it in a timely manner for planting.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL COMMUNICATION AND TRAINING


During 2021 we continued training in environmental matters, both virtually and in person in our farms. We develop a training and education program in waste management, efficient use of resources such as water and energy, both for our own and contracted personnel, which we adapt to the conditions of each farm.

We design technical content to share in talks with employees and suppliers, as well as communicate through the company’s internal social network and posters in farms, we propose contests and reflections to raise awareness of the need for the participation of each one of us.

The trainings are carried out by our technical team. That is why it is necessary to invest in their training and permanent updating on the evolution of climate change and the associated impacts, as well as new certifications and strategic management for sustainable development.

During this year, farm employees, directors and invited suppliers received carbon balance training.